Findings in molecular biology and epidemiologic data suggest that milk consumption is a promoter of chronic diseases of Western nations, including atherosclerosis, carcinogenesis and neurodegenerative diseases. The Mediterranean diet , which includes limiting consumption of red meat and using olive oil in cooking, has also been shown to improve cardiovascular outcomes. Keeping salt intake to less than 5 g per day equivalent to sodium intake of less than 2 g per day helps to prevent hypertension, and reduces the risk of heart disease and stroke in the adult population 8. History of USDA nutrition guides. Liquid diets Very-low-calorie diet.
The World Health Organization WHO makes the following 5 recommendations with respect to both populations and individuals:
Marion Nestle expresses the mainstream view among scientists who study nutrition: A diet of minimally processed foods close to nature, predominantly plants, is decisively associated with health promotion and disease prevention and is consistent with the salient components of seemingly distinct dietary approaches. Encouraging consumer demand for healthy foods and meals through: Food and Nutrient Intakes, and Health: ICN2 adopted the Rome Declaration on Nutrition 17 , and the Framework for Action 18 which recommends a set of policy options and strategies to promote diversified, safe and healthy diets at all stages of life. Also, the risk of developing NCDs is lowered by: Harvard School of Public Health.
A healthy diet may consist mostly of whole plant foods, with limited consumption of energy dense foods, red meat , alcoholic drinks and salt while reducing consumption of sugary drinks , and processed meat. Auxology Biological hazard Chief Medical Officer Cultural competence Deviance Environmental health Euthenics Genomics Globalization and disease Health economics Health literacy Health policy Health system Health care reform Public health law Maternal health Medical anthropology Medical sociology Mental health Pharmaceutical policy Public health intervention Public health laboratory Reproductive health Social psychology Sociology of health and illness.